Beauty is a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.Beauty is studied as part of aesthetics, sociology, social psychology, and culture. An “ideal beauty” is an entity which is admired, or possesses features widely attributed to beauty in a particular culture, for perfection.
The experience of “beauty” often involves an interpretation of some entity as being in balance and harmony with nature, which may lead to feelings of attraction and emotional well-being. Because this can be a subjective experience, it is often said that “beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”
There is evidence that perceptions of beauty are evolutionarily determined, that things, aspects of people and landscapes considered beautiful are typically found in situations likely to give enhanced survival of the perceiving human’s genes.
The classical Greek noun for “beauty” was κάλλος, kallos, and the adjective for “beautiful” was καλός, kalos. The Koine Greek word for beautiful was ὡραῖος, hōraios, an adjective etymologically coming from the word ὥρα, hōra, meaning “hour”. In Koine Greek, beauty was thus associated with “being of one’s hour”. Thus, a ripe fruit (of its time) was considered beautiful, whereas a young woman trying to appear older or an older woman trying to appear younger would not be considered beautiful. In Attic Greek, hōraios had many meanings, including “youthful” and “ripe old age”
These are goddesses of love, beauty (or attraction), promiscuity, fecundity, magic, and an association with death. Personifying abstract powers, gods and goddesses are held responsible for many of the mysteries of life. One of the most important mysteries to humanity is that of birth. Fertility and sexual attraction are key elements in the survival of a family or race. The very complex feeling we shorthand as love makes humans bond with each other. Ancient societies revered the goddesses held responsible for these gifts. Some of these love goddesses seem the same across national borders — with just a name change.
- Prende, goddess of love
- Astghik, goddess of fertility and love
- Xochiquetzal, goddess of fertility, beauty, female sexual power, protection of young mothers, pregnancy, childbirth, and women’s crafts
- Xochipilli, god of love, art, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, fertility, and song
- Tlazolteotl, goddess of lust, carnality, sexual misdeeds
- Ixcuiname, goddess of the carnality.
- Aizen Myō-ō or Rāgarāja, a deity who transforms worldly lust into spiritual awakening; his red-skinned appearance represents suppressed lust and passion
- Aine, Irish goddess of love, summer, wealth and sovereignty
- Cliodhna Irish goddess, sometimes identified as a goddess of love and beauty
- Yue-Lao, a god of love, who binds two people together with an invisible red string.
- Tu Er Shen, a deity who oversees the love between homosexual men.
- White Peony (Bai Mudan or Pai Mu-Tan), a goddess who tempts men, especially ascetics.
- Bes, god of music, dance, and sexual pleasure
- Hathor, goddess of the sky, love, beauty, and music
- Bastet, goddess of felines, love, sexuality, protection, beauty, and dance
- Aphrodite, goddess of love, lust and beauty.
- Philotes, personification of affection, sexual intercourse and friendship.
- Hera, goddess of marriage.
- The Erotes
- Peitho, personification of persuasion and seduction.
- Gratia (goddess), a goddess of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility in Greek mythology
- Aglæa/Ægle (the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment).
- Kurupi, god of sexuality and fertility
- Kamadeva or Manmadhan or Kama, god of love
- Rati, goddess of passion and lust
- Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth and beauty
- Kaushiki,She is an affiliation of Shakti. Her beauty had attracted many asuras who met her as messengers in her glittering beautiful palace. She was a great woman warrior, raised on her fierce lion or tiger. This form of her fierce fire was the essence of her beauty. There are many temples for her worship. She also has 8 hands and sword, chakra, lotus, etc. in them.
Norse and Germanic mythology
- Frigg, goddess of romance, marriage, sex and reproduction, married women, household duty, and divination.
- Freyja, goddess associated with magic, shamanism, seiðr, sacrifice, war, death, and sexuality.
- Freyr, worshipped as a phallic fertility god, he was said to “[bestow] peace and pleasure on mortals”
- Sjöfn, goddess associated with love
- Cupid, the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Eros
- Venus, the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite
- Suadela, the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddess Peitho
- Dogoda, Polish spirit of the west wind, associated with love and gentleness
- Dzydzilelya, Polish goddess of love and marriage and of sexuality and fertility
- Lada, fakeloric goddess of harmony, merriment, youth, love and beauty
- Siebog, god of love and marriage
- Živa, goddess of love and fertility
- Zaria or Zoria is the goddess of beauty; a once-popular goddess also associated with the morning, Zaria was known to her worshippers as “the heavenly bride.” She was greeted at dawn as “the brightest maiden, pure, sublime, honorable.” She was also known as a water priestess that protected warriors. She is depicted as a warrior goddess, fully armed and courageous, and was invoked to protect against death in battle with the prayer
- Baron La Croix, loa of the dead and sexuality
- Baron Samedi, loa of the dead, sex and resurrection
- Erzulie Freda Dahomey, loa of love, beauty, jewelry, dancing, luxury, and flowers