Mineral Make Up A Primer – Allergies, Definitions, and More!

There isn’t any regulation on what is and isn’t considered mineral make up. All make up mineral or traditional contain minerals for pigment.

If you use mineral make up and your skin hasn’t gotten rashes, irritation, or increased acne then you are in the majority. 

First off what is considered mineral make up?

The term “mineral makeup” applies to a category of face makeup, including foundation, eye shadow, blush, and bronzer, made with loose, dry mineral powders. Lipsticks, liquid foundations, and other liquid cosmetics, as well as compressed makeups such as eye shadow and blush in compacts, are often called mineral makeup if they have the same primary ingredients as dry mineral makeups. However, liquid makeups must contain preservatives and compressed makeups must contain binders, which dry mineral makeups do not.

Minerals are micronized, or ground and milled, into tiny particles to create makeup. Different products micronize to different levels a product micronized to six times leaves minerals larger so they go on the skin with light to medium coverage. Products micronized 12 times create fine-sized particles that sit closer together and offer more coverage.

Mineral make up generally does not contain the emollient oils and waxes, fragrance, and preservative ingredients found in conventional formulations they are usually preservative-free, they are often also fragrance-free (preservatives and fragrance are often what cause irritation.) Mineral makeup also usually does not contain parabens, mineral oil, and chemical dyes.

The main ingredients in mineral makeups are usually coverage pigments, such as zinc oxide  and titanium dioxide , both of which are physical sunscreens.

Many people make the mistake that if they wear makeup whether with mineral or traditional make that contains sunscreen they do not not need to worry about wearing a sunscreen under their make up.

This is not a good idea! When make up is typically applied it is usually on the face and the front of the neck. If you don’t apply sunscreen every day you can be missing the decolletage, back of the neck, earlobes, and scalp. All parts of the body that are exposed to the sun and are not protected by make up. 

Because titanium dioxide and zinc oxide have anti-inflammatory properties, mineral makeups with those ingredients can have a calming effect on the skin, which is particularly important for those who suffer from inflammatory problems such as rosacea. Zinc oxide is anti-microbial, so mineral makeups can be beneficial for people with acne the mineral is however very drying and may not be the best choice for people with dry skin.

Other main ingredients include mica (Sericite and pigmenting minerals, such as iron oxide , tin oxide, and magnesium myristate .

Some mineral makeups contain Bismuth oxychloride, which can be irritating to the skin of sensitive individuals.

Others contain talc (soap stone) , over which there is some controversy because of its comedogenic tendencies (tendency to clog pores and therefore cause acne) and because some people are sensitive to talc.

Because they do not contain liquid ingredients, mineral makeups can last in their containers indefinitely as long as the user does not contaminate them with other liquid or fingertips. However, it can be contaminated by your make up brushes since a brush is needed for powder forms of mineral make up. More mineral make up companies are offering liquid make up versions making contamination easier.

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