Dada or Dadaism was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. Dada in Zürich, Switzerland, began in 1916 at Cabaret Voltaire, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter, but the height of New York Dada was the year before, in 1915. The term anti-art, a precursor to Dada, was coined by Marcel Duchamp around 1913 when he created his first readymades. Dada, in addition to being anti-war, had political affinities with the radical left and was also anti-bourgeois.
Dada activities and output were broad varied and included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed in a variety of media.
untitled, Reinhold Dohl 1965
MARCEL DUCHAMP (1887-1968)
‘L.H.O.O.Q’, 1919 (ready-made)
MAN RAY (1890-1976)
‘Object to be Destroyed’, 1923 (ready-made)