The Importance of Hats for Sun Protection: The Brim of the Matter

We all know that a hat protects you from the sun, but

did you know for

every 1 inch of brim to your hat = a 10% lower risk of skin cancer to your face!

Ditch the baseball cap, look for brims that go all the way around the hat. Bonus many hats now offer added UPF protection, the Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) rating system measures the UV protection provided by fabric.

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Siggi Bucket Boonie Cord Fishing Beach Cap Summer Sun Hat Wide Brim for Women UPF50+

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Simplicity Women’s Summer UPF 50+ Roll Up Floppy Beach Hat with Ribbon

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Coolibar UPF 50+ Men’s Shapeable Outback Sun Hat – Sun Protective

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Coolibar UPF 50+ Men’s Fairway Golf Hat – Sun Protective

Oral Sunscreen???? UV Water

Osmosis Pur Medical Skincare Harmonized H2O UV Neutralizer Dietary Supplement

Ultraviolet radiation (UV) from the sun can wreak havoc on skin. Over time, it can cause sunburns, wrinkles, premature aging, and cancer, and reduce immunity against infections. Always use sun protection to protect yourself from damaging UV rays. Boost your body’s defenses (SPF 30-like) with this innovative new technology utilizing frequencies that work against the damaging effects of the sun. Available in Tan and No Tan Frequency formulas.

Not evaluated by the FDA.

Press Releases:
First Drinkable Sunscreen Releases Clinical Trial Results – August 2014
New Holistic Beauty Breakthough: Drinkable Sunscreen – May 2014
Osmosis Pur Medical Skincare’s Harmonized Water Collection Receives Award for Best Inner Beauty Product – February 2014

Articles From Osmosis Website:

Summer Sun Protection with Dr Ben Johnson

UV Protection Water and Sun Protection

What Skeptics Say:

New York dermatologist Dr. Jessica Krant told HuffPost the products are “totally unsubstantiated pseudoscience” that “do not list any active ingredients anywhere publicly available that might suggest true efficacy in any kind of protection from sun damage.” (The company lists the ingredients as “Distilled Water, Multiple Vibrational Frequency Blends.”) Krant added that “even known oral antioxidants that can provide some protection from the sun are not able to achieve more than a few notches of SPF protection from UVB rays.”

Dr. David J. Leffell, professor of dermatology and surgery at the Yale School of Medicine, wrote to HuffPost: “Being very familiar with the biology of ultraviolet radiation and the skin, I would be very suspicious that this product would not be validated scientifically. Moreover, why would you want to take something that affects your whole system when you are dealing with what is effectively a surface issue?”

Via Huffington Post

Directions:

Take 2ml every 4 hours while in the sun (preferably with 2+ oz of water). Wait 1 hour before exposure to the sun. Monitor sun exposure carefully. Take second dose if still in sun 3 hours after first dose. For extended intense exercise outdoors or if taking sun-sensitizing medications, use alternate protection after 30-40 minutes. The duration can vary depending on a person’s weight.

The Scary Facts About Tanning, Tanning Beds, and Skin Cancer!

The International Agency for Research on Cancer rate indoor tanning devices as the highest cancer risk category (Group 1): “carcinogenic to humans.”  Substances and exposures that can lead to cancer are called carcinogens.  In Group1 is listed the most dangerous cancer-causing substances agents such as plutonium, cigarettes, and solar UV radiation.
Tanning can be addictive!!!!! For some people, UV radiation can have a drug-like effect.

Melanoma

Tanning beds increases your chance of Melanoma by 75 percent when device use begins before age 35 study  

 

And one person dies every 57 minutes from Melanoma, it accounts for less than two percent of skin cancer cases, but the vast majority of skin cancer deaths. Of the seven most common cancers in the US, melanoma is the only were incidence climbed 1.9 percent annually.

 

A person’s risk for melanoma doubles if he or she has had more than five sunburns. And one or more blistering sunburns in childhood or adolescence more than double a person’s chances of developing melanoma later in life
Treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancers increased by nearly 77 percent between 1992 and 2006.
Tanning bed users are 2½ times more likely to be diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common form of skin cancer. An estimated 700,000 cases are diagnosed each year in the US. The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma has been rising, with increases up to 200 percent over the past three decades in the US. About 2 percent of squamous cell carcinoma patients – between 3,900 and 8,800 people – died from the disease in the US in 2012.


Using tanning beds make you 1½ times more susceptible to basal cell carcinoma. Between 40 and 50 percent of Americans who live to age 65 will have either basal cell or Squamous cell carcinoma at least once.


You pay a 10-percent tax every time you use a tanning bed in the United States.
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. More than 3.5 million skin cancers in over two million people are diagnosed annually. Over the past three decades, more people have had skin cancer than all other cancers combined. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime.

 

Age-standardized death from melanoma and other skin cancers per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.   no data   less than 0.7   0.7–1.4   1.4–2.1   2.1–2.8   2.8–3.5   3.5–4.2   4.2–4.9   4.9–5.6   5.6–6.3   6.3–7   7–7.7   more than 7.7

Age-standardised death rates from Melanoma and other skin cancers by country (per 100,000 inhabitants).

Regular daily use of a full or broad spectrum SPF 15 or higher sunscreen reduces the risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma by 40 percent and the risk of developing melanoma by 50 percent!

Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF), What is it? SunGuard a Detergent to Add Protection to Your Clothing!

What is Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF)?

Unlike SPF (Sun Protection Factor) that traditionally uses human sunburn testing in a laboratory environment, UPF measures both UV radiation transmittance using a laboratory instrument (spectroradiometer) and an artificial light source and translates these results using a mathematical expression based upon the sunburn action spectrum (erythema action spectrum) integrated over the relevant UV spectrum. Theroretically, both human SPF testing and in vitro laboratory instrument testing measure a product’s relative ability to protect against minimal sunburn compared to skin that is not protected.

Sun protective clothing and textile/fabric manufacturers are currently a self-regulating industry in North America, prescribed by the AATCC and ASTM methods of testing.

UPF Ratings and Protection Categories

UPF Rating Protection Category  % UV radiation Blocked
UPF 15 – 24 Good 93.3 – 95.9
UPF 25 – 39 Very Good 96.0 – 97.4
UPF 40 – 50+ Excellent 97.5 – 99+

All fabrics disrupt UV radiation to some degree.  When ultraviolet radiation and textiles interact, the energy of UV rays is changed. UV radiation is converted to heat, a transformation that renders most rays harmless. Some garments, depending on factors such as construction, dyes and fabric treatments, do a better job at this than others. A white cotton t-shirt offers an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of five. Clothing that is thicker, more tightly knit and darker in color has a higher UPF rating.

  • Construction: Dense, tight construction (either weaves or knits) minimizes the spaces between yarns, which in turn minimizes the amount of UV light that can pass through. Some tightly constructed UPF-rated garments use vents to boost air circulation and help the wearer stay cool. Thicker fabrics also help reduce UV transmission.
  • Dyes: It is the specific type of dye (and the concentration in which it is used) that impacts a fabric’s UV transmission, not its color. Some dyes deflect more UV radiation than others, and some absorb none at all—including black dyes. How can one know what kind of dyes are used in individual garments? The only tip-off is if the garment carries a UPF rating. Clothing engineered for UV protection may use high concentrations of premium dyes that disrupt UV light. Such dyes include “conjugated” molecules that disrupt UV radiation. The higher the concentration of such dyes, the darker the garment becomes. But ultimately color has no influence on UV rays. Note: Pigment-dyed fabrics, which include a resin that creates a powdery look and feel, get high marks for UV protection.
  • Treatments: Chemicals effective at absorbing UV light may be added during processing. Specialized laundry additives, which include optical brightening agents and newly developed UV-disrupting compounds, can boost a garment’s UPF rating.
  • Fiber type: Polyester does an excellent job at disrupting UV light (due to hydrogen- and carbon-based benzene rings within the polymer). Nylon is good. Wool and silk are moderately effective. Cotton, rayon, flax and hemp fabrics (natural fibers composed of cellulose polymers) often score low without added treatments. However, unbleached or naturally colored cotton performs better at interacting with UV light than bleached cotton.
  • Stretch: If a garment is stretched 10% or more beyond its normal dimensions, spaces between yarns are widened and its effectiveness against UV light may be reduced up to 40%.
  • Wetness: A fabric’s ability to disrupt UV radiation is usually reduced when wet, though the reasons why are not completely understood. Wetness may cause a 30% to 50% reduction in a fabric’s UPF rating.
  • Condition: Worn or faded fabrics are less effective against UV light.

Optical Brightening Agents (OBAs), fabric whitening agent or Fluorescent Whitening Agents (FWA) are fluorescent dyes that glow blue-white when exposed to ultraviolet light. The blue-white colour makes yellowed fabrics appear white. Most common household detergents also include OBAs, so repeated launderings will increase the fabric’s accumulation of brighteners and thus increase its UV-protection by  disruption of UV radiation.

FWA-1 has the chemical name Disodium 4,4′-Bis[(4-Anilino-6-Morpholino-1,3,5-Triazin-2-Yl)Amino]Stilbene-2,2′-Disulphonate and the following chemical structure:
FWA-5 has the chemical name Benzenesulfonic acid, 2,2’-([1,1’-biphenyl]-4,4’-diyldi-2,1-ethenediyl)bis-, disodium salt.

A study paper on the effects of repeated laundering of UPF-rated clothing was published in November, 1998, in Textile Chemist and Colorist, an industry journal.

The paper’s conclusions assert that “repeated home launderings (regardless of whether or not the detergent contains an OBA [optical brightening agent, the compound commonly found in household detergents, mainly to “keep whites white”]) does not reduce the UPF rating of a woven or knitted fabric of cotton, polyester, or nylon. On the contrary UPF ratings are enhanced or remain unchanged by repeated launderings up to 20 times.”

SunGuard works by penetrating the fibers of washable clothing and coating them with a formula that blocks ultraviolet rays. The active ingredient is Tinosorb FD that was developed by Ciba Labs, based in Switzerland. Listed product ingredients:

Sodium Chloride
Nonionic Surfactants
Ciba Tinosorb FD
SunGuard is safe for all washable natural fabrics including cotton, linen, rayon and silk. It will not add sun protection to polyester, acrylic or other synthetic fibers. It can be used on blended fabrics but the final protection will not be as effective. To use, one package of SunGuard is suitable for small to large loads. Select the hottest water suitable for each type of fabric. Add SunGuard as the washer is filling with water. Add the clothing and be sure not to crowd the washer or overload. It is best if the wash cycle is at least 15 minutes – this can be agitation or soaking time. After fifteen minutes, rinse and dry as usual. Detergent, bleach or other additives should not be added during the initial treatment.
After the initial treatment, the sun protection factor will last through twenty washings. You may use bleach, stain removers and detergent as usual. They will not affect the SunGuard protection formula. It is recommended for use on children’s clothing after the age of six months. It cannot be used as a spray-on treatment for hats, umbrellas or outdoor fabrics.

SunGuard has received the Skin Cancer Foundation’s Seal of Recommendation and the Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval.

“You might get fine UV protection from a regular piece of clothing,” says Dr. Martin A. Weinstock, professor of Dermatology and Community Health at Brown University Medical School and the chairman of the Skin Cancer Advisory Group of the American Cancer Society. “But with UPF-rated clothing, you’re assuring that protection.”

Little Known Airplane Windows UV Fact – Wear That Sunscreen!

Airplane windows are not UV (ultraviolet) proof!!!!!!

To make matters worse for every 1,000 ft/ 304.8 m UV levels increase by 4%!

 

 

 

 

On an average  flight UV rays can be up to 156% stronger than at ground level!

 

 

 

 

The solution wear sunscreen on your flight even if you are

 

in a middle or aisle seat and pull down the shades on the window!

Great Quiz To See How Sun Safe Your Skin Really Is!

Sun Safe Quiz via You Beauty

Natural Oils as Sun Protection – Is It Snake Oil or The Next New Thing?

The Answer is Yes & No

 

What?

The Answer Is Not So Simple

 

 

Studies:

In vitro sun protection factor determination of herbal oils used in cosmetics Chanchal Deep Kaur and Swarnlata Saraf

Protective effect of topically applied olive oil against photocarcinogenesis following UVB exposure of mice Arief Budiyanto, Nazim U. Ahmed, An Wu, Toshinori Bito, Osamu Nikaido, Toshihiko Osawa, Masato Ueda, & Masamitsu Ichihashi

Characteristics of raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) seed oil  B. Dave Oomaha, Stephanie Ladetb, David V. Godfreya, Jun Liangc, Benoit Girarda
aFood Research Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Paci®c Agri-Food Research Centre, Summerland, British Columbia V0H 1Z0, Canada
bE.N.S.A.M., EÂ cole Nationale Superieure Agronomique de Montpellier, 2, Place Pierre Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 1, France
cShaanxi Fruit Crops Research Centre, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710065, China

 

 

The purpose of the study above was to measure sun protection factor (SPF) of herbal oils that are commonly used in sunscreen formulations using a proposed technique. So the study really can’t be used as evidence of its effectiveness as a sunscreen. If the measured values are accurate then it is plausible that coconut oil could be used as an extremely light sun screen with appropriate usage. However, it should be noted that the measured SPF of 7.119 of coconut oil is significantly below the dermatologist recommended SPF 15 or greater. I prefer at least a SPF of 30 that is listed as full or Broad spectrum.


 

Red raspberry seed oil is said to have an SPF of 28 to 50 and a long shelf life, but it doesn’t appear to have gone through extensive testing to determine whether it’s okay to use it alone as your sunscreen yet. In one study on herbal oils used in cosmetics, scientists found that the SPF range varied from one to eight for the oils tested, with olive oil and coconut oil being the highest of the fixed oils (around eight) and peppermint oil and tulsi oil the highest of the essential oils tested (around seven). Sunscreens are classified as drugs meaning that the active ingredients are on the approved list and have been thoroughly researched and gone through trials to test effectiveness. True because red raspberry seed oil is an expensive ingredient and there are much cheaper options out there companies aren’t going to shell out the big bucks to have the oil properly researched to become an “active” ingredients, so we never know. The internet sites that state the spf of red raspberry seed oil are all based on one study done in 2000. This is only one study and many more studies need to be done before a consensus can be reached.

 


 

Even with these types of findings, scientists seem hesitant to recommend using natural oils alone as sunscreen and I agree the proof is in the pudding! Though some oils provide protection it is not nearly enough to protect you from UVA or UVB rays nor do we know how the long after applied they are effective.  Do they breakdown with sun exposure and if yes how and at what rate? How easily do we wash or sweat them off?  How much do we need to apply due to absorption into the skin?

Only using the oils isn’t in my opinion the best idea there’s conflicting information about exactly how much sun protection you’ll actually get, and most reports don’t list a high enough SPF to do much good. The AAD-recommendation for protecting our skin is with a broad-spectrum (UVA/UVB), SPF 30 (blocking 97% of UV rays) product. Antioxidants, like those found in many of the oils, will help protect you against the free radicals that come with UV radiation. The free radical theory of aging (FRTA) states that organisms age because cells accumulate free radical damage over time. For most biological structures, free radical damage is closely associated with oxidative damage. Antioxidants are reducing agents, and limit oxidative damage to biological structures. They could give those natural sunscreens a boost when used in conjunction with them if you check labels many already include them in the formulations.


 

A study in Carcinogenesis compared a control group of hairless mice to mice that were pretreated with olive oil prior to UVB exposure and mice that had olive oil applied after sun exposure. At first, there was a notable difference in tumor growth between the control group and the mice that were pretreated, but over time, that difference decreased. Where the difference was sustained, however, was in the mice that were treated with olive oil after the UVB exposure.


 

In a separate study, researchers tested the effects of using a combination of antioxidants C and E to pigs’ skin. They also tested vitamins E and C separately and found the combination to be superior in offering sun protection, though E and C did offer some sun protection hen used separately. It makes sense to believe that antioxidants found in oils could offer a similar effect for us.


 

There are many organic and vegan sunblocks out there! 

If chemical sunblocks make you uneasy look for physical sunblocks that contain: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) or Zinc oxide (ZnO)!

 

 

I hope that this sheds some light on to this subject!

 

Disclaimer

While I’ve attempted to use credible sources for information, this is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. If there is a disparity between the information presented within this blog and the advice given by your medical professional, please follow the medical professional’s advice as he/she will know you and your medical circumstances.

The 3 UVs

The 3 UVs(3)

 

 

Created by CT Esthetic, can be shared with credit to CT Esthetic with link to site

 

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Do Clouds Really Protect You From UV Rays?

My Must Have Beauty Products For May!

 

ColoreScience Pro Sunforgetable Powder Sun Protection SPF 50

 

Dr. Dennis Gross Alpha Beta Peel Extra Strength

 

DevaCurl Light Defining Gel – not only great for curly hair, it’s great in combination with beach texturizing spray

 

Misto Olive Oil Spray Mister Non-Aerosol – I put my toner in it, store in the fridge for a even more refreshing mist

 

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